November 26th 1922: Tutankhamun’s tomb opened
On this day in 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his financer Lord Carnarvon became the first people to enter the tomb of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3000 years. On 26th November, Carter made the famous “tiny breach in the top left hand corner” of the doorway, and was able to peer into the antechamber by the light of a candle and see that many of the gold and ebony treasures were still in place. When Carnarvon asked “Can you see anything?”, Carter replied: “Yes, wonderful things.” The first item was removed from the tomb on December 27th and on February 16th 1923, the Burial Chamber was oficially opened, where the team found the sarcophagus and the mummified remains of Tutankhamun.
Today is the 150th Anniversary of President Lincoln’s November 19th, 1863 Gettysburg Address. These images are the earliest known copy of his speech.
"The first page is on White House (then Executive Mansion) stationery, lending strong support to the theory that it was drafted in Washington, D.C. But the second page is on what has been loosely described as foolscap, suggesting that Lincoln was not fully satisfied with the final paragraph of the Address and rewrote that passage in Gettysburg"
(from the Library of Congress.)
President Lyndon B. Johnson listening to a tape sent by Captain Charles Robb, his son-in-law, from Vietnam, July 1968
From The Meta Picture: Police Mugshots in the 1920s. (Click link for many more pictures)
November 6th 1861: Davis elected Confederate President
On this day in 1861 at the start of the American Civil War, Jefferson Davis was elected president of the Confederate States of America unopposed, having been sworn in as provisional president that February. Davis served as president until the demise of the Confederacy as the seceded states rejoined the Union after the North’s victory in the Civil War. Despite his success at keeping the Confederate war effort going for longer than was initially expected, he is generally considered not as effective as the Union President Abraham Lincoln. Davis failed to secure any international support for the Confederacy and caused inflation when his administration printed money to cover the war costs. Davis was imprisoned after the war but was never tried and was released after two years. He died in 1889 aged 81.
October 23rd 1915: Suffrage parade
On this day in 1915, over 25,000 women marched on Fifth Avenue in New York City. They were advocating female suffrage and women’s rights in America. The campaign for female suffrage culminated in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution in 1920 which ensured the right to vote shall not be denied on account of sex. Notable figures in the female suffrage movement in America include Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
September 17th 1849: Tubman escapes
On this day in 1849, Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery. Tubman was born into slavery but eventually escaped to Philadelphia, using the North Star to guide her. She soon returned to Maryland to rescue her family from slavery. She became a major figure in the Underground Railroad, helping to rescue hundreds of slaves. Tubman was a notable member of the abolitionist movement, and served as a Union spy during the Civil War. After the war she campaigned for female suffrage alongside Susan B. Anthony. Harriet Tubman died in 1913 aged 93.